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About Indian Tiger


Appearance and Physical Characteristics


Indian Tiger, Kanha National ParkThough slim and elegant, tigers are immensely powerful. Their front legs and paws are tremendously strong: they can kill young elephants and rhino and drag prey weighing 200 kg. (5001 bs.) Or more. Tigers walk on the fore pads of their feet, which gives their stride suppleness and elasticity. They have flexible forelegs that can twist inwards, allowing them to grasp prey. Their claws remain retracted until they are needed in the final moments of attack.

Habitat

Tigers inhabit many types of forests, from the mangrove swamps of Bangladesh to the coniferous forests of the Russian Far East. Dense vegetation, plenty of pre and minimum human interference are all requirements of good tiger habitat, as are pools for drinking and bathing. Tigers of the warmer climes love water and may even sleep with part of their body submerged. They are adept swimmers. Young tigers are agile enough to climb into trees but adults are generally too heavy. However, an angry tiger in Siberia was reported to have limbed into a tree in an attempt to swat the helicopter that was following it

Description:

Common Name: Indian Tiger
Scientific Name: Leo Tigris
The Indian Tiger has a small head in proportion to his body. He's not cold- blooded, but a warm-blooded mammal who weighs 400-569 lbs.The measurement of the Indian Tiger, from the balancing tail, to the strong, pointed teeth, measures around 10 ft.
At birth the Indian Tiger cub weighs between 800 - 1500 grams and measures 31 - 40 cm in length. By the time the tiger reaches maturity it can weigh up to 250 kg and measure 3 metres from nose to tail (females are usually slightly smaller than the male).
The Indian tiger is a reddish-brown to rust-brown colour with a white underbelly. It is known for its distinctive black stripes. White and black tigers are caused by a recessive gene.Current Status of Tiger in India :

The Indian Tiger is being killed for sport and for profit. People kill them every day for their teeth, fur, and body parts. The Indian Tiger is losing lots of their territory, because its habitat is being disturbed.

But it needs more territory in order to survive. We hope the Indian Tiger doesn't become extinct. India holds over half the world's tiger population. Though referred to by experts as a "guesstimate", the last all-India census in 1993 estimated a total of 3,750 tigers.

Tiger, Kanha Wildlife TourThe figure was a sharp decline from the previous census four years earlier. Of these only 1,266 (34%) of the total were found within the boundaries of the then 19 (there are now 25, covering an area of over 33,000 sq km) Project Tiger Reserves.

The current estimate of the number of tigers in India is from 3,000 to 3,500 tigers. Many of the tiger populations, particularly those outside protected reserves, are fragmented, suffer from intense poaching pressure, a dwindling prey base and over-used habitat.

Solutions

Along with other species, people are trying to save these savage Indian Tigers. They are doing so by putting aside space for tigers and their prey. Indian Tigers and other tigers will not disturb us. We should not disturb them, either.

Indian Tiger Protection Programme :

Tiger Poaching & Illegal Wildlife Trade Investigations
Support to Corbett Tiger Reserve of Adjoining Forests
Grassroots NGO Support Network
Database on Tiger Poaching, Trade of Wildlife Crimes
WPSI Tiger Protection Awards
Support to Sundarban Tiger Reserve
Award for Information that Leads to Seizure of Tiger Parts


Welcome To Kanha
Kanha Map
Kanha boasts of about 22 species of mammals. Some of the inhabitants of this park are the gaur, the largest of the world's cattle; the sambar, the largest Indian deer; and the chausingha, the only four-horned antelope in the world. Other frequent visitors include the Nilgai More...